Jeffrey Paul Baker, MD, PhD
I am a practicing pediatrician and a medical historian. My early research focused on the early history of premature infant care and neonatal medicine. Featured in my book, The Machine in the Nursery: Incubator Technology and the Origins of Neonatal Intensive Care, I examined how the controversy around the introduction of baby incubators at the dawn of the 20th century became a flash point for broader anxieties around medical technology, eugenics, and the role of physicians versus mothers in the care of young infants.
My later research moved to this history of vaccines, and why this highly-regarded public health intervention ignited fierce public resistance in the late 20th century. The alleged links between vaccines and autism were an important part of this story which led me to work on other aspect of the history of autism as well. I have spoken and written in particular about the role of Leo Kanner in shaping both the definition of autism and the construction of an associated stereotype of parents as brilliant but cold and aloof.
In the past two years I have been focusing on how history, race, and health disparities. I have been working on a project exploring this question in Duke's home community of Durham, North Carolina. The first phase of this work looked at four case studies over the course of the past century: tuberculosis in the early 1900s, childbirth during desegregation, HIV, and diabetes since 2000. We hope to expand this work to show how understanding history is essential to explaining racial health disparities today.
Education and Training
- Ph.D., Duke University, 1993
- M.D., Duke University, 1984
Selected Grants and Awards
- Humanities in Medicine Capstone Course for 4th Year Medical Students
- The Transformation of Autism
- Chilhood Vaccine Policy in the US Since 1955
- History Of The Premature Infant Nursery In The U.S.
- History Of Premature Infant Nursery In The Us
- A History Of The Premature Infant Nursery In The Us
- The Origins Of The Premature Infant Nursery In The Usa
- Origins Of Neonatal Intensive Care Units