Philip M. Rosoff, MD, MA



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Professor of Pediatrics
Director of Clinical Ethics, Duke University Hospital
Department / Division:
Pediatrics / Pediatrics-Hematology/Oncology
DUMC 3040
Durham, NC 27710
Appointment Telephone:
Office Telephone:
  • MD, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine (Ohio), 1978
  • Pediatrics, Children's Hospital, Boston (Massachusetts), 1978-1980
  • Pediatric Hematology-Oncology, Children's Hospital, Boston/Dana Farber Cancer Institute (Massachusetts), 1980-1984
  • Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Harvard University (Massachusetts), 1981-1985
Other Training:
  • MA, Philosophy, Duke University, 2008
Clinical Interests:
Clinical medical ethics; philosophy of biology, pediatric oncology, childhood cancers (leukemia, lymphoma, solid tumors); long-term follow-up of childhood cancer survivors
Research Interests:
My main interests are clinical ethics with a concentration on the equitable allocation of scarce resources (rationing). In this area, I have done work on planning for pandemic influenza and allocation of drugs during shortages. I play a major role in the Clinical Ethics Service at Duke Hospital and chair the hospital's Ethics Committee.

Representative Publications:
  • Coleman, D; Rosoff, P. The Legal Authority of Mature Minors to Consent to General Medical Treatment. 2013;131:786-793.  Abstract
  • Rosoff, PM. Institutional futility policies are inherently unfair. HEC Forum. 2013;25:191-209.  Abstract
  • Arawi, T; Rosoff, PM. Competing duties: medical educators, underperforming students, and social accountability. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry. 2012;9:135-147.  Abstract
  • Rosoff, PM. The myth of genetic enhancement. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics. 2012;33:163-178.  Abstract
  • Rosoff, PM. Unpredictable drug shortages: an ethical framework for short-term rationing in hospitals. American Journal of Bioethics. 2012;12:1-9.  Abstract
  • Rosoff, PM; Patel, KR; Scates, A; Rhea, G; Bush, PW; Govert, JA. Coping with critical drug shortages: an ethical approach for allocating scarce resources in hospitals. Archives of internal medicine. 2012;172:1494-1499.  Abstract
  • Rosoff, PM. I'll be a monkey's uncle: a moral challenge to human genetic enhancement research. Journal of medical ethics. 2011;37:611-615.  Abstract
  • Rosoff, PM. Is medical ethics education effective?. Le Journal medical libanais. The Lebanese medical journal. 2011;59:12-16.  Abstract
  • Rosoff, PM; DeCamp, M. Preparing for an influenza pandemic: are some people more equal than others?. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. 2011;22:19-35.  Abstract
  • Rosoff, PM. Should palliative care be a necessity or a luxury during an overwhelming health catastrophe?. The Journal of clinical ethics. 2010;21:312-320.  Abstract
  • Bruce, CR; Flamm, AL; Leblanc, TW; Rosoff, PM. Is there a duty to inform patients of phase I trials?. The virtual mentor : VM. 2009;11:207-214.  Abstract
  • Rosoff, PM. Perspective roundtable: lethal injection. The New England journal of medicine. 2008;358:2183.  Abstract
  • Rosoff, PM. Physician responsibility for patients' quality of life. The virtual mentor : VM. 2008;10:401-403.  Abstract
  • Rosoff, PM. The ethics of care: social workers in an influenza pandemic. Social Work in Health Care. 2008;47:49-59.  Abstract
  • Rosoff, PM. A central role for palliative care in an influenza pandemic. Journal of Palliative Medicine. 2006;9:1051-1053.  Abstract
  • Rosoff, PM. The two-edged sword of curing childhood cancer. The New England journal of medicine. 2006;355:1522-1523.  Abstract
  • Rosoff, PM; Rosenberg, A. How Darwinian reductionism refutes genetic determinism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences. 2006;37:122-135.  Abstract
  • Demark-Wahnefried, W; Werner, C; Clipp, EC; Guill, AB; Bonner, M; Jones, LW; Rosoff, PM. Survivors of childhood cancer and their guardians. Cancer. 2005;103:2171-2180.  Abstract
  • Rosoff, PM; Larrier, N; Rice, HE. Intra-abdominal desmoid tumor after successful treatment for Hodgkin disease. Pediatric Blood & Cancer. 2005;45:728-731.  Abstract
  • Rosoff, PM; Werner, C; Clipp, EC; Guill, AB; Bonner, M; Demark-Wahnefried, W. Response rates to a mailed survey targeting childhood cancer survivors: a comparison of conditional versus unconditional incentives. Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology. 2005;14:1330-1332.  Abstract
  • Rosoff, PM. Can underpowered clinical trials be justified?. IRB. 2004;26:16-19.  Abstract
  • Ressler, IB; Cash, J; McNeill, D; Joy, S; Rosoff, PM. Continued parental attendance at a clinic for adult survivors of childhood cancer. Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology. 2003;25:868-873.  Abstract
  • Rosoff, PM. Industrial collaboration. The New England journal of medicine. 2003;348:863-864.  Abstract